Journals, Conferences, & Patents


4. W. Kim, J. Liu, Q. Li, S. Hong, K. Qi, R. Cherukuri, B. Yoon, Y. Choe, S. Maren, and S. Park, AI-driven high-throughput automation of behavioral analysis and dual-channel wireless optogenetics for multiplexing brain dynamics,  In review.

3. S. Hong, R. Cherukuri, and S. Park, AI for Optogenetics and Bioelectronics, Cell Reports Physical Science  In review.

2. W. Kim, M. I. Khot, H. Woo, S. Hong, D. Baek, T. Maisey, B. Daniel, P. Coletta, B. Yoon, D. G. Jayne, and S. Park, AI-enabled, implantable, multichannel wireless telemetry for photodynamic therapy, Nature Communications. 13, 2178 (2022).

1. S. Hong, W. Kim, Y. Han, R. Cherukuri, C. Campos, Q. Wu, and S. Park, Optogenetic targeting of mouse vagal afferents using an organ-specific scalable, multimodal, wireless optoelectronic device, Bio-protocol 12(05): e4341. DOI:10.21769/BioProtoc.4341.


9. W. Kim, H. Woo, I. Khot, S. Hong, D. Jayne, B. Yoon, and S. Park, AI-Enabled High-Throughput Wireless Telemetry for Effective Photodynamic Therapy,  2021 55th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computer, pp.811-815.

8. W. Kim, S.Hong, and S. Park, Robust, wireless gastric optogenetic implants for the study of peripheral pathways and applications in obesity, 2021 43rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC) 2021 pp. 5742-5746.

7. W. Kim, S. Hong, C. Campos, and S. Park, Organ-Targeting, Wireless Optoelectronic Implant in Suppressing Appetite, Accepted for oral presentation, BMES 2021.

6. K. B. Bjugstad, C. Campos, and S. Park, What Optogenetics Reveal About the Role of the Vagus Nerve in Appetite Suppression, Endocrineweb, Feb 2021

5. S. Park, W.Kim, and C. Campos, Implantable devices and techniques for the treatment of obesity, U.S. Application No.: 63/153,937.

4. R. Porter, C. Morgan, M. Mooney, and S. Park, SYSTEMS AND ASSOCIATED METHODS FOR IMPROVED INTERROGATION OF SHUNT FUNCTIONALITY, PCT International Patent Application No. PCT/US2020/046715.

3. M. Gamero, W. Kim, S. Hong, D. Vorobiev, C. D. Morgan, and S. Park, Multimodal abdominal implants for the detection of shunt failure,  Sensors, 21(5), 1747, 2021.

2. W. Kim, S. Hong, M. Gamero, V. Jeevakumar, C.M. Smithart, T.J. Price, C. Campos, R. D. Palmiter, and S. Park, Organ-specific, multimodal, wireless optoelectronics for high-throughput phenotyping of peripheral neural pathways, Nature Communications 12:157 2021.

1. S. Hong, W. Kim, and S. Park,  Design of an inductive spiral-loop loaded unit cell in a mushroom-shaped high impedance surface for sub-Ghz applications, Progress In Electromagnetics Research M. Vol. 100, page 1-11, 2021.


5. P. Randall, C. D. Morgan, M. Mooney, and S. Park, Shunt and associated methods for improved interrogation of shunt functionality. US Appl. 62/719,398.

4. H. Woo, W.  Kim, S. Hong, V. Jeevakumar, C. M. Smithhart, T, J. Price, B.-J. Yoon, S. Park, Machine Learning Enabled Adaptive Wireless Power Transmission System for Neuroscience Study, Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computer, 2020 Nov.

3. W. Kim, S. Hong, C. Morgan, P. Nakaji, M. T. Lawton, and S. Park, A soft, biocompatible magnetic field enabled wireless surgical lighting patty for neurosurgery,  Appl. Sci. 10(6), 2001,, 2020.

2. M. Gu, D. Vorobiev, W. S. Kim, H.-T. Chien, H.-M. Woo, S. C. Hong, and S. Park, A Novel Approach Using an Inductive Loading to Lower the Resonant Frequency of a Mushroom-Shaped High Impedance Surface, Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 90, 19-26, 2020.

1. W. Kim, M. Jeong, S. Hong, B.Lim, and S. Park, Fully implantable low-power high frequency range optoelectronic devices for dual-channel modulation in the brain, Sensors, 20(13), 3639;, 2020.


3. C. Morgan, P. Nakaji, and S. Park, PCT/US18/20495. (Kogent Inc. agreed on the license)

2. A.D. Mickle, S. Won, K. Noh, J. Yoon, K. W. Meacham, Y. Xue, L.A. Mcllvried, B.A. Copits, V.K. Samineni, K.E. Crawford, D. Kim, P. Srivastava, B. Kim, S. Min, Y. Shiuan, Y. Yun, M.A. Payne, J. Zhang, H. Jang, Y. Li, H. H. Lai, Y. Huang, S. Park, R.W. Gereau, & J. A. Rogers, A wireless closed-loop system for optogenetic peripheral neuromodulation, Nature, 565, 361–365 (2019).

1. W. Kim, Y. Cheng, J. Zhou, J. Wang & S. Park, Soft, Fully Implantable High Frequency Range Optoelectronic Devices for Multichannel Modulation in the Brain, IEEE EMBS Conference On Neural Engineering (NER’19), March (2019).


1. K.N Noh, S. Park, R. Qazi, Z. Zou, A. D. Mickle, J. G. Grajales-Reyes, K.-I Jang, R. W. Gereau IV, J. Xiao,  J.A. Rogers, & J.-W. Jeong, Miniaturized, battery-free optofluidic systems with potential for wireless pharmacology and optogenetics, Small 4,1702479 (2018).


3. S. Gunadi, D. Jayne, & S. Park, A soft, wireless implantable device for the treatment and prevention of local recurrence by photodynamic therapy in a murine model, 2017 Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas Conference, November 13-14, 2017.

2. J. Sim, M.P. Haney, S. Park, J.G. McCall and J. Jeong, Microfluidic neural probes: in vivo tools for advancing neuroscience,  Lab on a Chip, 2017, 17, 1406 – 1435

1. G. Shin, A. M. Gomez, R. Al-Hasani, Y. Jeong, J. Kim, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Lee, S. Han, C. Yoo, J. Lee, S. Lee, J. Kurniawan, J. Tureb, Z. Guo, J. Yoon, S. Park, S. Bang, Y. Nam, M. C. Walicki, V. K. Samineni, A. D. Mickle, K. Lee, S. Heo, J.G. McCall, T. Pan, L. Wang, X.Feng, T. Kim, J. Kim, Y. Li, Y. R. W. Gereau IV, J. Ha, M. R. Bruchas, and J. A. Rogers, Near-Field Wireless Optoelectronics as Subdermal Implants for Broad Applications in Optogenetics, Neuron 93, pp.1-13 (2017).

2016 ~

1. S. Park, D.S. Brenner, J.G. McCall, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, A.J. Norris, L. Xia, K.-N. Noh, S.-Y. Bang, K.-I. Jang, S.-K. Kang, A.D. Mickle, G.Dussor, T.J.Price, R.W. Gereau, M.R. Bruchas & J.A. Rogers, Stretchable multi-channel antennas in soft wireless optoelectronic implants for optogenetics, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, pp.8169-8177 (2016).

2. K. Meacham, A. Mickle, S. Park, Y. Hsieh, J. Yoon, G. Shin, J. Rogers, & R. Gereau IV, Fully-implantable, wirele4ss technology for optogenetic control of bladder sensory neurons, Journal of Pain 17, 74 (2016).

3. S. Park, D.S. Brenner, G. Shin, C.D. Morgan, B.A. Copits, H.-U. Chung, M.Y. Pullen, K.-N. Noh, S. Davidson, S.-J. Oh, J. Yoon, K.-I. Jang, V.K. Samineni, M. Norman, J.G. Grajales-Reyes, S.K. Vogt, S.S. Sundaram, K.M. Wilson, J.-S. Ha, R. Xu, T. Pan, Y. Huang, M.C. Montana, J.P. Golden, M.R. Bruchas, R.W. Gereau & J.A. Rogers, Soft, stretchable, fully implantable miniaturized optoelectronic systems for wireless optogenetics, Nature Biotechnology 33, 1280-1286 (2015).

4. E.R. Siuda, J.G. McCall, R. Al-Hasani, G. Shin, S. Park, M.J. Schmidt, S.L. Anderson, W.J. Planer, J.A. Rogers & M.R. Bruchas, Optodynamic simulation of β-adrenergic receptor signaling, Nature Communications 6:8480 | DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9480 (2015).

5. R. Al-Hasani, J.G. McCall, G. Shin, A.M. Gomez, G.P. Schmitz, J.M. Bernardi, C.-O. Pyo, S. Park, C.M. Marcinkiewcz, N.A. Crowley, M.J. Krashes, B.B. Lowell, T.L. Kash, J.A. Rogers & M.R. Bruchas, Distinct subpopulations of nucleus accumbens dynorphin neurons drive aversion and reward, Neuron 87, 1063-1077 (2015).

6. B. Xu, A. Akhtar, Y. Liu, H. Chen, W.-H. Yeo, S. Park, B. Boyce, H. Kim, J. Yu, H.-Y. Lai, S. Jung, Y. Zhou, J. Kim, S. Cho, Y. Huang, T. Bretl & J.A. Rogers, Epidermal stimulation and sensing platform for sensorimotor prosthetic control management of lower back exertion, and electrical muscle activation, Advanced Materials 10.1002/adma.201504155 (2015).

7. A. M. Hussain, F.A. Ghaffar, S. Park, J. A. Rogers, A. Shamim & M. M. Hussain, Metal/polymer based stretchable antenna for constant frequency far-field communication in wearable electronics, Advanced Functional Materials 25, 6565-6575 (2015)

8. S. Park, G. Shin, A. Banks, J.G. McCall, E.R. Siuda, M.J. Schmidt, H.-U. Chung, K.-N. Noh, J.G. Mun, J. Rhodes, M.R. Bruchas & J.A. Rogers, Ultraminiaturized photovoltaic and radio frequency powered optoelectronic systems for wireless optogenetics, Journal of Neural Engineering 12, 056002 (2015).

9. J.-W. Jeong, G. Shin, S. Park, K.-J. Yu, L. Xu & J.A. Rogers, Soft materials in neuroengineering for hard problems in neuroscience, Neuron 86(1), 175-186 (2015).

10. W. Kim, S. Park, Z. Zhang & S.S. Wong, Current conduction mechanism of nitrogen-doped AlOx RRAM, IEEE Transaction on Electron Devices 61, 2158-2163 (2014)

11. S. Park, Enhancement of wireless power transmission into biological tissues using a high surface impedance ground plane, Progress In Electromagnetics Research 135, 231-136 (2013).

12. S. Park, I. Ok, H.-S Kim, F. Zhu, M. Zhang, J.-H. Yum, H. Zhao & J.C. Lee, Optimization of electrical characteristics of Gadolinium incorporated HfO2 GaAs n-type doped metal oxide semiconductor type silicon interface passivation layer, Journal of Vaccum Science Tech.B  26 , 624 -626 (2008).

13. I. Ok, H.-S Kim, F. Zhu, S. Park, J. Yum, H. Zhao, D. Garcia, P. Majhi & J.C. Lee, Influence of the substrate orientation on the electrical and material properties of GaAs metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors and self-aligned transistors using HfO2 and silicon interface passivation layer, Applied Physics Letters 92, 202908 (2008).

14. I. Ok, H.-S. Kim, F. Zhu, M. Zhang, S. Park, J. Yum, H. Zhao & J.C. Lee, Metal gate: HfO2 metal oxide semiconductor structures on high indium content InGaAs substrate using physical deposition, Applied Physics Letters 92, 112904 (2008).

15. H.-S. Kim, I. Ok, F. Zhu, M. Zhang, S. Park, J. Yum, H. Zhao & J.C. Lee, Flatband voltage instability characteristics of HfO2-based GaAs metal oxide semiconductor capacitors with a thin Ge Layer, Applied Physics Letters 92, 102904 (2008).

16. H. Zhao, D. Shahrjerdi, F. Zhu, M. Zhang, H.-S. Kim, I. Ok, J.-H.Yum, S. Park, S.K. Banerjee & J.C. Lee, Gate first inversion type InP metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors with atomic layer deposited Al2O3 gate dielectric,  Applied Physics Letters 92, 233508 (2008).

17. I. Ok, H.-S. Kim, M. Zhang, F. Zhu, S. Park, J.-H. Yum, H. Zhao & J.C. Lee. Temperature effects of Si interface passivation layer deposition on high-k III-V metal oxide semiconductor characteristics,  Applied Physics Letters 91, 132104 (2007).

18. S. Park, I. Ok, H.-S. Kim, F. Zhu, M. Zhang, J.-H. Yum, Z. Han & J.C. Lee, Optimization of Electrical Characteristics of TiO2 Incorporated HfO2 n-type doped Gallium Arsenide Metal Oxide Semiconductor Capacitor with silicon Interface Passivation Layer, Applied Physics Letters 91, 082907 (2007).

19. H. Zhao, H.-S. Kim, F. Zhu, M. Zhang, I. Ok, S. Park, J.-H. Yum, Z. Han & J.C. Lee, Metal oxide semiconductor capacitors on GaAs with germanium nitride passivation layer. Applied Physics Letters 91, 172101 (2007).


1.J.A.Rogers, G. Shin, and S. Park, Fully implantable soft medical devices for interfacing with biological tissue. Provisional Patent Application No.PCT/US16/40717.

2. J.A. Rogers, R.W. Gereau IV, S. Park, G. Shin, D.S. Brenner & C.D. Morgan, Fully implantable, soft optoelectronic systems for wireless optogenetics. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/188, 334.

3. W. Kim, S. Park, Z. Zhang & S.S. Wong, Nitrogen doped aluminum oxide resistance random access memory. Provisional Patent Application, US, S11-055/PROV.